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FUn-tâm-dn-bã

hmeyw 3 | e|w 1 | k]vXw_ 2008|


















]mT]p-kvX-I-hn-hm-Z-ns _m|n-]{Xw

 

ssZh-\m-a-Ãnã, ]mTw HÐv- Hcp hnem]w FÐo c¾p-kn-\n-a-Iç ae-bm-f-Ãn\p kÛm-\n® \náÛm-Xm-hmWv Bcym-SË ju|-Ãv. \ná`m-Ky-h-imã AtÉlw ]mW-|mSv inlm_v Xªfpw t]cv ]d-bmË FUn-âá|v e±tXm-ÐpÐ thsdm-cmfpw cmjv{So-b-{]-háÃ\w \S-ÃpÐ {]tZ-iÃv cmjv{So-b-{]-háÃ\w \S-ÃpÐ Hcp tIm½{K-üp-Im-c-\m-bn-tÔm-bn. ctaiv sNÐn-Ã-se-b-Ðp-t]-cpè Hcp tIm½{Küv {]knU¾pw DÛË Nm¾n-sb-Ðp-t]-cpè {]-Xn-]-¢-t\-Xmhpw \bn-|pÐ tIm½{K-ün-ep-am-bn-tÔmbn ju|-ÃnsÒ {]háÃ-\w. ^e-Ãnã Bç ssZh-ª-sf-Ô-ântbm CÌyË bqWn-bË apûnw eoKn-s\-Ô-ântbm Hc-¢cw ]d-bmË ]mSn-sæ-ÐmWv ju|-Ãn-\p-In-ºnb imk-\w. Cu Zpîm-k-\-Ñmá tIc-f-Ãnse tIm½{K-üns\ \bn-|p-tÚmç Fhn-sSbm tIm½{K-ün-s\mcp c¢? C{Xsbms| FgpXp-Ð-Xn\p apÚv , F\n|v Hcm-fnã {]Xo-¢-bp-¾m-bn-cp-Ðp. tIm½{K-ü-tæ, Zpá£m-Ôqá{]-tabw ]mkm-|nb ]máºn-b-tæ, kn.-sI.-tKm-hn-ÎË \mbcpw FÌn\v ap-l-ÛZv A_vZp-d-þm\pw \bn-®-]máºn-b-tæ, AXnepw Hcm-fp-¾m-hntæ sbÐm-bn-cpÐp Btem-N-\. Btem-N\ sNÐp-\n-ÐXv hb-emác-hn-bn-em-Wv. aâp-è-há ]eXpw ]d-¹-tÔmgpw hb-emá chn am\y\pw aqey t_m[-apè tIm½{K-üp-Im-c-\p-am-sWÐv RmË hymtam-ln-®p. Imc-Ww, tIm½{Küv CÐsà kmlNcy-Ãnã tIm½{K-ümbn \ne-\n-ev|-W-saÐv taml-apè Hcp Iayq-Wn-kvâmWv RmË. AXnsÒ Imc-W-ªç hy~w. [oc-\mb hb-emá chn , sagvkn chn-bpsS `áÃm-hv, t]c-a-I\v Kpcp-hm-bq-cnã tNmdqWv sImSp-|mËIgn-bmsX thh-em-Xn-sÔº ]nXm-a-lË , bph-Xp-á|n, {]W-b-Ku-X-aË- FsÌ-æm-amWv Rm\-tÉ-l-sÃ-Ôân sXân-Ê-cn-®Xv? Cd-®n-t|m-gn-sb-Ðp-]-d-bp-Ð-t]mse hnhm-Z-]m-T-]p-kvXIw FÐæ RmË ]d-bp-I, ]mT-]p-kvX-I-sÃ-Ôân D¾m|n-bn-cn-|pÐ cmPy-t{Zm-l-]-c-amb hnhm-Z-Ãnã aâmcp \nÐn-sæ-©nepw hb-emá chn B ]pkvX-I-ÃnsÒ `mK-Ãp-\n-ev|p-am-bn-cp-Ðp-shÐv RmË sXân-Ê-cn-®-Xp-sh-dp-sX. Imc-Ww, chn hnhmlw Ign¹v Ip¹p-ªfp¾m-bn-|-gn¹ DSs\ sagvkn-bpsS DS-a-ö-\m-hp-Ibpw a|-fpsS aXhpw PmXnbpw \në-bn-|p-Ibpw sNbvXp-I-gn-¹n-cpÐp! _jo-dnsÒ t{]a-te-J\w hmbn-®n-sºm-Ðp-a-ætæm chn {]W-bn-®-Xv. CÎn-cm-KmÏn ^ntdm-kns\ {]W-bn-®-XpsIm¾pw Aæ-tæm. AXn\pw apÚv Ncn{Xw kÛ-Xn-®n-cp-Ðp-sh-©nã, Ph-lá emã XsÐ kzPo-hnXw [\y-am-|p-am.-bn-cp-Ð At\Iw Ah-k-c-ªç AtÉ-l-ÃnsÒ Pohn-X-Ãnepw D¾m-bn-cp-Ðp-h-tæm. AËhá djoZpw e¢vao-tZ-hnbpw hnhmlw sNbvXmã D¾m-hp-Ð-Ip-¹n\v Hcp aXw sImSptà aXn-bmhq \ÛpsS ]mW-|mSv Xªç|pw, tIm½{K-üp-Imá|pw eoKp-Imá|pw, ka-kvX-a-X-hn-`m-K-ªç|pw. AhÐv Poh-\p¾mm-bmã t]mcm, aXhpw \evIn-bn-cn-|-Ww. hb-emá chnbpw Cu A`n-{]mbw ]©p-sh-|pÐp! B-cym-SË apl-ÛZpw Cu A`n-{]mbw ]©p-sh-bv|pÐp!

ss{IkvX-h-a-X-ta-e-[n-Im-cn-I-fnã Nne-cpsS CS-b-te-J-\-ªç aX-]-c-amb kXy-k-ÏX ]peáÃp-Ð-XmtWm FÐv Ah-cnã Bsc-©nepw BÇ]cn-tim-[-\-\-S-Ãn-bmã \qâm-¾p-Iç Ign-¹v( CtÔmç \qâm-Wp-Iç Ign-tb-¾-Xn-sæ-Ðm-Wtæm A`n-hÎy t]mÔv Xncp-ta\n sXfn-bn-|p-Ð-Xv) amÔv ]d-bp-I-sbÐ tImam-fn-Ã-c-Ãnã \nÐv Ahás|m-gn-hm-ImË ]âpw. Ncn-{X-Ãnse Gâhpw henb ss{IkvXh k`m-k-tÛ-f\w s{SÒv Iu½kn-em-bn-cp-Ðp-sh-Ðpw( 1545--1565) B ktÛ-f\w Xocp-am-\n® NneIm-cy-ªç k`-]-e-tÔm-gmbn Xncp-Ãn-b-Xm-sWÐpw CÐv Fæm-há|p-a-dn-bmw. k`-bpsS Dev]-Ãn-ap-Xã \ne-\n-ev|pÐ hnizm-k-{]-am-W-ª-sfmÐpw CÐhti-jn--|p-Ðn-sæÐv amá ]ê-Ãn-en-s\-t]m-epè A]qáêw Nneás|m-gnsI asâ-æm-há|p-a-dn-bmw. aX-hn-t{Zm-l-hn-Nm-c-W-t|m-S-Xn, C¾Ivkv XpS-ªnb öm]-\-ª-sfmÐpw CÐv \ne-hn-en-æ. C\vJzn-kn-j-s\Ð B tImS-Xn-bpsS Zpjn® sNbvXn-I-fm-bn-cpÐp {_qtWm-hnsÒ h[hpw Keo-en-tbm-hnsÒ XS-hpw. Ah sXâm-bn-cp-Ðp-shÐv k`-XsÐ ]nÐoSv {]Jy-]n-®p-I-gn-¹-Xm-W-tæm. hmbn-|mË ]mSn-æm-Ã-Xpw hmbn-®p-I-gn-¹mã \cIw kp\n-ën-X-hp-amb ]pkvX-I-ª-fpsS ]ºn-I-X-àm-dm|n `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Isf Gev]n-|p-I-sb-Ð-Xm-bn-cpÐp C¾-IvknsÒ ZuXyw. AÐp-XsÐ kvs]bn-\nse ImÃ-en|v N{I-háÃn CXv Akm-Êy-amb Imcy-am-sWÐv {]-Jym-]n-®n-ºp-¾v. NoÃ-]p-kvX-I-ªsf Cæmbva sNàm-\pè \eæ amá£w \æ ]pkvX-I-ª-fp-W-A-Sm-|p-I-bm-sWÐv AtÉlw {]Jym-]n-®p. ]ènsb I®-h-S-tI-{Î-am-|pÐ ^co-i-Ñm-cpsS Iqº-Ãn-emtWm ItÃm-en-|m-k-`-bpsS Nne-Xn-cp-ta-\n-am-sc-©nepw FÃn-\n-ev|p-Ð-sXÐv Ahá HÐm-tem-Nn-®p-t\m-|n-bmãa-Xn.

CsX-gp-Xp-tÚmç aX-an-æmÃv PohË FÐ ]mTw amâp-Ð-Xn-s\-Ôân ]mT-]p-kvX-I-]-cn-tim-[-\m-k-anXn Btem-Nn-|p-Ð-Xmbn ]{X-ª-fnã hmáÃ-Im-Wp-Ðp-¾v( 2008 Pqsse 15). A{X henb Akw-_-Ï-Ãn-te|v tUmIvSá sI. FË. ]Wn-|á AÊy-¢-\mb Hcp kanXn t]mhptam FÐv I¾-dn-b-Ww. P\m-[n-]-Xy-Ãnã tIm{Ú-ssakv thWw, ]t¢, cmPy-ÃnsÒ `c-W-L-S-\m-]-c-amb aqey-ª-fnã tIm{Ú-ssakv Bhmtam FÐv ]cn-tim-[-\m-k-anXn Btem-Nn-|p-saÐv \ap|v {]Xym-in-|mw.
]mT-]p-kvX-I-hn-hm-Z-ap-¾m-b-Xns\ XpSáÐv ]ecpw aX-Im-cy-ª-fnã ]mWvUn-Xy-hp-ambn cwK-{]-thiw sNàp-Ðp-¾v. Jeo^m Haá Ae-Ivkm-{¾n-b-bnse al-Ãmb {KÍm-ebw \in-Ôn-®p-shÐv Hcp \nba k`m kmam-Pn-IË kwkm-cn-®p. AtÉlw AXnã ]nÐoSv tJZ-{]-I-S\w \S-Ãp-Ibpw sNbvXp. kXy-Ãnã Ae-Ivkm{¾ym {KÍm-e-b-ÃnËsc \io-I-c-Wsà Ôân Nne sFXn-ly-ªçam-{X-amWv \ÛpsS apÐn-ep-è-Xv. Hcp Imcyw am{X-amWv IrXy-ambn ]d-bmË Ign-bp-Ð-Xv; Ae-I-cvkm-{¾n-b-bnã al-Ãmb Hcp {KÍ-ti-J-c-ap-¾m-bn-cp-Ðp, AXv ]nÐoSv \inÔn-|-sÔ-Sp-I-bp-¾m-bn. sFXn-ly-ªç {]Imcw aqÐv t]á Cu {KÍm-e-ÃnsÒ \mi-Ãn-\p-Ã-c-hm-Zn-I-fmbn ]d-b-sÔ-Sp-Ðp. Pqen-bkv koká, Xntbm-^n-enkv ]m{Xn-bmá|o-kv, Jeo^m Haá. ka-Nn-Ã-X-tbmsS Ncn{Xw ssIImcyw sNàpÐ Bcw CÐv Cu sFXn-ly-ª-fnã hniz-kn-|p-Ðn-æ. hnã UypdmÒn-s\bpw AtÉ-l-ÃnsÒ Ncn-{Xm-Jym-\-ª-tfbpw Iqºp-]n-Sn®v Jeo^m Ha-dns\ Ipâ-hm-fn-bm-|mË {kan-|p-ÐXv auVy-am-bncn-|pw. Akw-_ÏPUn-e-amWv hnãUyp-dmÒv \nc-ÃpÐ hmZ-ap-J-ªç.
= {KÍm-e-b-Ãnse ]pkvX-I-ªç ssZh-{K-Í-tÃmSv tNáÐp-t]m-hp-Ðp-sh-©nã Ah-sIm¾v {]tbm-P-\-an-æ, tNáÐp-t]m-hm-Ã-h-sb-©nã Ah \in-Ôn-|-sÔ-tS-¾-I-XmWv= FÐ aºn-epè hmZ-ª-fmWv Ncn-{Xsà IY-bm|n amânb hnã UypdmÒv Jeo^m Ha-dnsÒ hmbnã Xncp-In-s|m-Sp-Ãn-ºp-è-Xv. hnã UypdmÒv BJym\ kuIp-amcyw am{X-apè, tIhew BÇ-\n-jvT-amb coXn-bnãtem-I-N-cn-{Xsà hne-bn-cp-Ãnb ]¢-]m-Xn-bmb Hcp Ncn-{X-Im-c-\m-sWÐv s]mXpsh Ncn{X]WvUn-X-Ñmá hne-bn-cp-Ãn-bn-ºp-¾v. Jeo-^-sb-tÔmse {]mam-Wn-I\pw DZm-c-lr-Z-b\pw hnip-Ê-a-\üpw Bb Hcp `c-Wm-[n-Imcn Cª-s\-sbm-c-kw-_Ïw Fgp-Ð-èn-|p-saÐv ]d-bmË Cûmw _má_m-dn-k-am-sWÐv hmZn-|pÐ Hcmç|p-am-{Xta ]d-bm\m-hq. hnãUypdmÒnsÒ CÌym-]-T-\-am-cw-`n-|p-Ð-Xp-XsÐ CXp-t]m-ep-sèm-c-kw-_-Ï-hp-am-bn-ºm-Wv. aâp-P-\-k-aq-l-ªç ITn-\m-Êzm\w sNbvXp-sIm-¾n-cp-Ð-tÔmç CÌy Ime-hájsà am{Xw D]-Po-hn-®p Ign-¹p-shÐpw Ime-hájw CæmÃLº-ª-fnã tam¢-sÃ-Ô-ân-kz]v\w I¾v, ]ºnWn InS-Ðp-a-cn-®p-sh-Ðp-amWv aqÔá sh®p-Im-®p-Ð-Xv. {]mNo-t\-Ìy-sb-Ô-ân-bpè Dç|m-gvN-\n-d¹ Hcp-]mSv ]T-\-ªç\n-e-\n-evs|-bmWv AÏ-hn-izmkXpey-amb Cu {]kvXmhw hnãUyp-dmÒv C\vsXy-Ôân \S-Ãp-Ð-Xv. Ncn-{X-am-sWÐ aºnã, Cu hnh-c-t|Sv Fgp-Ð-èn-|pÐ ]e-cp-ap-¾-tæm. sshkvNmËk-eá ]Z-hn-bn-en-cn-|p-Ð-há hsc Cu Akw-_Ïw Fgp-Ð-èn-|p-tÚm-gmWv kwKXn Kuc-h-X-c-am-hp-Ð-Xv.
]mT-]p-kvX-I-hn-hm-Z-hp-am-bn-_-Ï-sÔº {]kw-K-ªç Ah-km-\n-Ôn-|p-Ibpw, ]mT-]p-kvXIw P\-ªç|v hmbn-|mË sImSp-|p-I-b-amWv th¾Xv FÐv Rªç Icp-Xp-Ðp. P\-ªsf kv]áÊ-bnepw i{Xp-X-bnepw háÃn-|p-Ð-Xn\v t{]c-I-amWv ]e hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-ªfpw FÐp XW-ensÒ ]{Xm-[n-]-k-anXn hniz-kn-|p-Ðp.

BW-h-I-cmá
Cu e|w hmb-\-|m-cn-se-Ãp-tÚmç Hcp-]-t¢, BW-h-I-cmá HÔn-ºp-I-gn-¹n-cn-|mw. {][m-\-a-{Ìn|p shfn®w h-Ðp-shÐ Hc-`n-{]mbw apsÚm-cn-|ã Cu ]w~n-bnã {]I-Sn-Ôn-®n-cp-Ðp. AXv hfsc Zp:JtÃmsS ]nË hen-|p-Ðp. cm-Py-Xm-ev]-cy-sa-Ìm-sWÐp Xncn-®-dn-bm-\m-hmà Hcp-{]-[m-\-a{ÌnsbÔân Zp:Jn|p-I-b-æmsX \náhm-l-an-æ. Ipsd bqWnâv sshZypXn ]Ãn-cp-]Xv háj-ªç|v tijw D¾m-|mË Ign-bp-sa-Ð-Xn-\mã temI-cm-Py-ª-fn-seæmw Zpjvt]cv am{Xw hcp-Ãn-bn-ºpè, \Û-psS kzm`m-hn-I-kp-lr-Ã-æmà Hcp-cm-Py-hp-ambn BWh |cm-sdm-Ôn-Sp-ÐXv Hcp-Im-c-W-h-imepw \ymbo-I-cn-|m-hp-Ð-X-æ.

aqÐmw háj-Ãn-te|v
XWã aqÐmw háj-Ãn-te|v IS-|p-I-bm-Wv. CXn-\Iw Fºv e|-ªç hÐp-I-gn-¹p. CwKvfo-jnepw ae-bm-f-Ãn-ep-ambn BsI 16 e|ªç. AÚS Rmt\ FÐv Al-©-cn-|p-Ð-Xn\p ]Icw hfsc hn\-b-tÃmsS klm-bn-®-hás|æmw \În Adn-bn-|p-I-bm-Wv.

Cu am-K-kn-\n-eqsS temI-ÃnsÒ ]e-`m-KÃpw FÃn-t®áÐ Ihn-X-Iç, aâp-c-N-\-Iç ae-bm-f-Ãnse Fgp-Ãp-Im-scbpw klm-bn-|p-Ðp-¾v. Ign-hp-è-há|v Hcp XpdÐ hmXnã BWv XWã-Hm½sseË. Hcp Cdm-\n-bË kplrÃv FsÒ Ihn-X-Iç ^mákn-`m-j-bnã hnháÃ\w sNbvXv Hcp-]p-kvX-I-am-|n-s|m-¾n-cn-|p-Ibm-Wv. Cdm-\nse {]i-kvX-amb Hcp ]pkvX-I-{]-Im-i\ öm]-\-am-WXv {]knÊwsNàp-Ð-Xv. A\-iz-c-Ko-X-ªç FÐmWv B Imhy kam-lm-c-Ãn\v \evI-sÔ-ºn-cn|pÐ t]cv. tUm. A_Zvèm ^ákm-Zn-sb-tÔm-epè {]ikvX-\n-cq-]-Iá FsÒ Nne-c-N-\-Iç ]Tn®v CwKvfo-jnepw ^mákn-bnepw Fgp-Xp-Ðp-s¾Ðpw Adn-bn-|-sº.
aeb-m-f-Ãnã th¾{X cN-\-Iç e`n-|p-Ðn-sæÐ ]cn-`hw hmb-\-|m-cp-ambn ]©p-sh-bv|-sº; AXp-t]mse Kkvâv _p|v FÐ ]w~n-bnã ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-ªç th¾{Xhcp-ÐnsæÐpw.

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